Author Topic: Difference between Tanakh, Talmud, and Old Testament of Bible?  (Read 6314 times)


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Hey everyone.  Many people think that Jews follow the Old Testament of the Bible with very few differences. I don't think this is correct, so I wanted to ask what are the differences between the Tanakh, the Talmud, and the Old Testament of the Bible? I'm assuming that the Tanakh and Talmud are the holy books for Judaism. I could be wrong. :)


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Re: Difference between Tanakh, Talmud, and Old Testament of Bible?
« Reply #1 on: July 22, 2012, 12:31:12 AM »
The Tanakh is the appropriate name for Hebrew scriptures. It is arranged differently than in Christian Bibles. The word comes from the three sections.

Torah - The first five books aka Pentateuch: Genesis (Bereshit), Exodus (Shemot), Leviticus (Vayikrah), Numbers (Bamidbar), and Deuteronomy (Devarim)

Nevi'im - The Prophets. The list doesn't necessarily match who Christians regard as prophets: Joshua, Judges, I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, II Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachai

Ketuvim - The Writings: Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, I Chronicles, and II Chronicles.

Some of the books differ between Judaism and Christianity as to what was included or left out from each book


Talmud is the central text of Judaism. It's the rabbinical discussion of the Tanakh and Jewish law, customs, philosophy, etc. It covers centuries of thought. 

Here's how I  try to explain it. The Tanakh is like a Reader's Digest Condensed Version. It doesn't always have a lot of explanation. For instance: Honor your father and mother. What does that mean? How do you do it? Is is the way you think about them? How you treat them? What if they're horrible people? What if they abused you, abandoned you, tortured you, etc? What are your obligations then?  Do you even have an obligation any longer?

I know this was a pretty light covering of the subject but hope it gives you a start for further study.

Nakhash Mekashefah

Courage and perseverance have a magical talisman, before which difficulties disappear and obstacles vanish into air.
John Quincy Adams


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